Arnhem - A Bridge Too Far (DVD)

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Arnhem - A Bridge Too Far (DVD)

Documentaries & Biographies - Original Language: English - Classification: Exempt - Studio: SIMPLY MEDIA, GEM LOGISTICS

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Review of "Arnhem - A Bridge Too Far (DVD)"

published 27/05/2004 | frkurt
Member since : 26/12/2002
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Excellent
Pro Great depiction, realistic in many ways, great subject
Cons Minor flaws with history
very helpful
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"A successful failure..."

* * * * The History * * * *
Operation Market-Garden, begun in September 1944, was an Allied military campaign led by Montgomery, the senior British field commander, in the latter stages of World War II. While the Allies were still in France, a plan had to be formulated for making the major push into German territory, a difficult task, considering the Rhine River (one of the major rivers of the world) provided a natural defensive border with the majority of the German homeland. Planning offensive operations required taking this into account, and how the forces would cross the river and remain safe while doing so, rather than have bottlenecks that would make the forces easy targets for defending German troops.

While Patton was in the south, pushing through France on the backside of the old Maginot line, Montgomery hit upon an idea to seize a series of bridges across the various rivers that made up the geography of the Low Countries, all the way up to Arnhem, one of the northern-most major bridges across the Rhine, a bridge outside of German territory, but a good jumping-off point for invading northern Germany. His plan won approval, and in one of the largest military operations of the war, a major push was developed to secure the bridges. This had the largest airborne component of any battle in the war, as troops were airlifted and dropped into position around each bridge, charged to hold the bridges until ground forces pushed northward linking up logistic and defensive lines toward each spot.

Operation Market-Garden was actually two operations – Operation Market was the airborne component; Operation Garden was the ground component. It was meant to take the Germans by surprise (which it did) and exploit their disorganisation (which was, sadly for the Allies, not as severe as intelligence predicted). The Allies were stopped short of their primary military objectives (securing an 80-mile corridor of bridges) by some 25-30 miles. Hence the name of the film, derived from the book by Cornelius Ryan, ‘A Bridge Too Far’.


* * * * The Film * * * *
Cornelius Ryan’s book was adapted for the screen by writer William Goldman and director Richard Attenborough, a leading director of British cinema, noted for such diverse films as Gandhi (for which he won an Oscar), A Chorus Line, Cry Freedom, and Shadowlands. Attenborough was nominated for a BAFTA directing award for ‘A Bridge Too Far’ in 1978. Attenborough is also well-known in front of the camera, too.

Attenborough brought together a monumental cast for this epic film, worthy of Cecil B. DeMille in scope and size. At just under three hours in length, it is as unrelenting as the combat scenes it depicts. While not matching the graphic realism of films such as ‘Saving Private Ryan’, it nonetheless does a good job at combining a look at grand strategies (from formation to failure), tactical maneuvers, and individual combat situations. The high command in Britain, hoping to capitalise on the continuing disorder in Germany arising from their adjustment to fighting a losing war on two fronts (three, in fact, if one includes Italy), saw the opportunity to strike. Through a series of misfires and misunderstandings, they end up fighting not local police forces (the Netherlands had been spared intense battleground warfare for most of the war, and thus was thought to not contain any real combat-strength troops) but crack Panzer division placed there, essentially on a rest stop before being deployed in more critical areas.

The planning and preparations are realistic, from a look at the intelligence gathering and analysis (these were the days before satellite imagery), the gathering together of equipment and personnel, the execution of the operations, and the demoralising realisation that Operation Market-Garden is not going well. One of the most outstanding scenes involves General Stanislaw Sosabowski (played by Gene Hackman) discussing the operation with his superiors – Sosabowski, a general of the Polish forces in exile in England, distrusts the operation, for good reason, but acquiesces to support the plan. His uneasiness is palpable.

The cinematography is terrific, considering it was done largely without ‘trick’ shots – no helicopter shots, no CGI graphics, no slow motion or composite tricks. The airborne drops are breathtaking, giving the thrill and the danger a realistic tone. The film does not depict glider landings (some of the most dangerous types of drops, and presumably because of this danger, omitted from the filming). The desperation of the men who land without their equipment (or miss the airdrops later due to failed communications) is easily felt – the sense of the waste of war is driven home when one soldier sprints to get some desperately needed supplies that have fallen just outside of the secure zone – being shot by a sniper, the sense of futility is underscored by the breeze blowing soldiers’ caps (which was the contents of the supplies for which the soldier paid with his life) drifting away.

The acting is stunning in many instances, but for the most part it is the usual good job rather than outstanding that one might hope for from such an elite group of actors. The music is memorable and appropriate. One drawback is that the editing of the film makes it a bit confusing to keep the various storylines going, particularly if one has studied the sequence of events in World War II history, which, while followed as a pattern, is not adhered to with rigour in the filming.


* * * * DVD Extras * * * *
In addition to the feature film, the DVD I have includes the following special pieces:

- 'A Bridge Too Far: Heroes From the Sky' - Original documentary
- 'A Distant Battle: Memories of Operation Market Garden' - Stories told by real life soldiers who fought in the battle that inspired the film
- 'Richard Attenborough - A Filmmaker Remembers'
- Audio Commentary with screenwriter William Goldman and key crew members
- Theatrical Trailer
- Trivia Track
- A Photo Gallery


* * * * The Cast * * * *
There were nearly 150 credited actors (a staggering amount for any film, making this a film of epic proportions, literally). Actors from all over Europe, the UK and North America were used, and to make the film seem more real from the human dimension, even if only for a few seconds, many faces stood out in the crowd, the combat scenes, and the aftermath. The following list is a listing of some of the ‘major’ stars in the film; Richard Attenborough had a cameo as a lunatic in the asylum, but he was not credited in the final list.

Dirk Bogarde....Lt. Gen. Frederick 'Boy' Browning
James Caan.... SSgt. Eddie Dohun
Michael Caine.... Lt. Col. J.O.E. Vandeleur
Sean Connery.... Maj. Gen. Roy Urquhart
Edward Fox.... Lt. Gen. Brian Horrocks
Elliott Gould.... Col. Robert Stout
Gene Hackman.... Maj. Gen. Stanislaw Sosabowski
Anthony Hopkins.... Lt. Col. John Frost
Hardy Krüger.... Maj. Gen. Ludwig
Ryan O'Neal.... Brig. Gen. James Gavin
Laurence Olivier.... Dr. Jan Spaander
Robert Redford.... Maj. Julian Cook
Maximilian Schell.... Lt. Gen. Wilhelm Bittrich
Liv Ullmann.... Kate Ter Horst
Denholm Elliott.... RAF meteorologist officer
Peter Faber.... Capt. Harry Bestebreurtje
Christopher Good.... Maj. Carlyle
Frank Grimes.... Maj. Fuller
Jeremy Kemp.... RAF briefing officer
Wolfgang Preiss.... Field Marshal Gerd Von Rundstedt
Nicholas Campbell.... Capt. Glass
Paul Copley.... Pvt. Wicks
Walter Kohut.... Field Marshal Walther Model
Michael Byrne.... Lt. Col. Giles Vandeleur
John Ratzenberger.... U.S. lieutenant


* * * * Conclusions * * * *
Operation Market-Garden was conceived as a plan to get the troops ‘home for Christmas’, hoping to secure a passage into Germany prior to the winter, and to force them into surrender. As history would have it, there were major battles to fight before the war would finish the following summer. This film captures a significant campaign in good format, showing the operational and human aspects in a high relief.


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Comments on this review

  • clownfoot published 28/05/2004
    An excellent review - as a historian I enjoyed reading how you've summarised the context of Operation Market Garden with actual details of the film. A knowledgeable and well researched critique that was a very enjoyable read! Alboy
  • kepler3001 published 28/05/2004
    Superb review. This is one of my all time favourite war films and you've captured the feel of it brilliantly. Wayne : )
  • melodysparks published 28/05/2004
    An excellent film and a well written review. My father's pet subkect is the history and facts of WWII he has hundreds of films and documentaires and I have seen many of them ith him including this film at least a dozen times.
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Documentaries & Biographies - Original Language: English - Classification: Exempt - Studio: SIMPLY MEDIA, GEM LOGISTICS

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