In one of my classes at school I had to study Safety. I had to produce leaflets on the following.
While I was learning
about these topics I learnt things I didn't already know, so I suggest you read this op carefully as it could one day save your life or the life of someone you know, you can never be too safe and however small or unimportant some of these tips may be it pays to be safe
Treatment of a stable ankle sprain (i.e. there is no complete tear or avulsion) is the R.I.C.E
method. The following is an explanation of the R.I.C.E method.
The first 24-48 hours after the injury is considered the critical period and activities need to be kept to a minimum. Gradually try to put as much weight on the injured leg as is tolerable and discontinue crutch use when you can walk with minimal to no pain or limp.
For the first 48 hours after the injury put an ice-pack on the sprain and elevate the leg for 20 minutes every 3 to 4 hours. Do NOT leave the ice pack on for any more than 20 minutes as this can cause tissue damage.
Use compression when elevating. With ankle at a 90 degree angle wrap the ankle from the toes all the way up to the beginning of the calf, overlapping the bandages as you go. The bandages should be snug, but not cutting off the circulation to the foot and ankle. So, if you foot becomes cold, blue or falls asleep re-wrap!
Keep your ankle higher than your heart as often as possible. Elevate your leg at night by placing books under the foot of your mattress and take care to stand up slowly in the morning.
Cuts And Grazes
Clean grazes gently under running water. After removing as much dirt and grit as possible, leave the wound open for the air to speed up the healing process.
Small cuts should also be cleaned under running water. If the wound is bleeding freely, apply direct pressure with clean gauze or a clean handkerchief for at least 5 minutes. When the bleeding has stopped, cover the wound with a clean dressing
or a waterproof plaster.
If the cut is deep, dirty or ragged, seek medical attention, as a tetanus shot may be necessary.
Stay calm; in doing so you will help keep the person suffering from the break stay calm and comfortable. Next call 999 or get to the A&E
. If you are out of reach (camping ect) and cannot get to help, or are instructed by a trained professional only then should you begin the following steps:
If you think the person may have injured their head, neck or back DO NOT move them.
Try not to move the broken limb as this may cause more damage and pain.
If you can’t reach help or have been told to administer first aid then follow these steps:
•Make the person as comfortable as possible before immobilising the injured area
•To keep the area from moving you have to make a splint. This works with leg and arm breaks where the arm is not bent. This can be done using a variety of materials such as boards, rolled newspapers, sticks, an umbrella, rolled blankets ect.