Intellectual Property Rights And The Life Science Industries: Past, Present And Future (2Nd Edition) - Graham Dutfield (University of Leeds
This book is a highly readable and entertaining account of the co-evolution of the patent system and the life science industries since the mid-19th century. The...... more
This book is a highly readable and entertaining account of the co-evolution of the patent system and the life science industries since the mid-19th century. The pharmaceutical industries have their origins in advances in synthetic chemistry and in natural products research. Both approaches to drug discovery and business have shaped patent law, as have the lobbying activities of the firms involved and their supporters in the legal profession. In turn, patent law has impacted on the life science industries. Compared to the first edition, which told this story for the first time, the present edition focuses more on specific businesses, products and technologies, including Bayer, Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, aspirin, penicillin, monoclonal antibodies and polymerase chain reaction. Another difference is that this second edition also looks into the future, addressing new areas such as systems biology, stem cell research, and synthetic biology, which promises to enable scientists to "invent" life forms from scratch.Contents: Seven Tales of a Patent; Patents and the Life Science Industries in the Modern Economy; Past: Dyes, Drugs and Domagk; Adrenaline Rushes - Isolate, Purify ... and Patent; Science and Drug Discovery - Ignorance, Serendipity and Rational Drug Design; Aspirin; Insulin; Penicillin and the Antibiotics; Cortisone and the Steroids; Polymerase Chain Reaction; The Gene Patent Wars; Innovations without Patents? The Polio Vaccine and Monoclonal Antibodies; Present: Big Pharma, Small Biotech; Crises, Backlashes and Counter-backlashes; Would We Have Got Where We are Today without Patents?; Future: Systems Biology, Stem Cells, "Synbio" and the Future of Patents.
Sol I Love Leeds Ladies T Shirt. Choice Of Colours. Festival University Top
these shirts are great quality 100 cotton t shirts buy with confidence our shirts are professionally printed propaganda shirts are professional garment printers...... more
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An evocative collection of films, many in colour, depicting Leeds trams. Leeds possessed one of the most progressive tram systems in the...... more
An evocative collection of films, many in colour, depicting Leeds trams. Leeds possessed one of the most progressive tram systems in the country. In October 1891, it was home to the first electric tramway powered by overhead wire. New routes were built until 1949. Central area subways were proposed and two modern railcoaches delivered in 1953. However in the same year, the City Council voted to scrap the trams, the last cars entering Swinegate depot on 7th November 1959. This DVD celebrates the days when the streets of Leeds were filled with a variety of different types of tram. Most car types are seen in action before and after the second world war, these include: Showerbaths Bathing Vans Hamilton Balconies Beeston Air-Brakes Pivotals Showboats Middleton Bogies Lance-Corporals Railcoaches Plus second-hand Pilchers, Balloons, HR2s and Felthams from Manchester, Southampton and London. Detailed route coverage is as follows: Kirkstall Abbey (4) and Compton Road (10) abandoned April 1954 Then the closures of 1955: Gipton (11) in April, Meanwood (6) and Elland Road (8) in June, then the 'hilly' Beeston (5) in November The long northern residential route to the University, Headingley and Lawnswood (1) in March 1956 The last lines through City Square, the semi-industrial Whingate / New Inn routes (15/16) closed in July 1956 Next the cross-town all street track Moortown (2) and Dewsbury Road (9) configuration in September 1957 Followed in March 1959 by Moortown via Roundhay (3) Then the Middleton Circle (12/26) which removed trams from Briggate, as well as along the length of the original electric route opened in 1891 and through Middleton Woods Shortly after in April, the gloomy Hunslet (25) branch And finally the long reserved track routes from the Corn Exchange to Harehills Lane (17), Crossoates (18), Halton (20) and Templenewsam (22) closed on 7th November 1959. Special features: The livery experiments of 1942 - 1952 Final day activity
Advantages: Reputation, quality of facilities,sports and nightlife Disadvantages: Expensive accommodation
...I have been a student at Leeds University for 5 years now, and have experienced it both as an undergraduate and as a postgraduate student. So, I should have a good feel for the place by now!! I took my degree in Geophysics in the Earth Sciences Department, and then stayed on to do a PhD working on volcanic earthquakes.
Leeds University is one of the old red brick Universities, which received...
06.09.2002 13:33 (06.09.2002 13:54) ˇRead review
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Review of LeedsUniversity
Advantages: Great mix of people, music and cheap drinks Disadvantages: Disadvantages? What are they then???
..., there's some games on there too!
Getting there is reasonably easy. I can't say what buses go that way as I don't know, but if you go by the map you can walk from Leeds city centre (if you don't mind and your shoes aren't too tight!) or by taxi, which is about the easiest mode of transport. The website also includes a useful link to local B&Bs if you want somewhere to stay and don't have mates...
Advantages: Excellent Atmosphere Disadvantages: Too many students and not enough facilities
...As a current second year student at Leeds University i thought i would share my opinions and experiences of this university with you.
Leeds is now the most popular choice for undergraduates and has the largest number of undergraduate applications in the UK. With over 23,000 undergraduates alone, Leeds is an excellent place to study.
When deciding on which university to attend I had certain...